In this chapter, we’ll discuss some basic information such as what CBD oil is, where it comes from and how it’s produced. We’ll also answer some of new CBD users’ most frequently asked questions.
What is CBD Oil?
CBD oil is a natural essential oil that is extracted from the flowers and leaves of the cannabis plant.
It is used by people all over the world as a dietary supplement and for a variety of therapeutic purposes.
CBD oil contains a variety of active compounds such as cannabinoids and terpenes. It has been shown in research studies to be well-tolerated and non-toxic to humans.
Depending on the formulation of a product, it may contain other active and beneficial ingredients as well such as hemp seed oil which contains omega fatty acids, amino acids, vitamins, minerals and other beneficial compounds.
The Differences Between Hemp and Marijuana
Marijuana is high in the psychoactive compound THC, or delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, the compound in marijuana that causes a high.
Marijuana is rightly considered to be a “drug.” It is cultivated mainly for medicinal and “recreational” purposes.
The United States federal government considers marijuana to be a Class I controlled substance. However, many U.S. states have instituted legislation to regulate its cultivation and allow its use as medicine. Some states have also legalized marijuana for recreational use.
Hemp is not marijuana. Although hemp does contain cannabinoids, it has negligible amounts of THC. In fact, in order to be legally cultivated, industrial hemp must contain less than 0.3% THC. Industrial hemp is grown for food and fibers. It contains relatively small concentrations of cannabinoids and terpenes and is not the most desirable source of CBD oil.
While many of the CBD products on the market are produced from industrial hemp, the CBD oil in CBD 4U products is made from a CBD-rich cannabis sativa strain known as PCR hemp. PCR is short for phytocannabinoid rich — it contains as much as ten times the concentration of CBD as generic industrial hemp and negligible amounts of THC. It does not cause a high and is therefore not considered a drug.
Types of CBD Oil
Let’s now take a look at some of the variety of types of CBD oil products and compare their qualities.
CBD from Hemp vs. CBD from Marijuana
Essential oils can also be extracted from marijuana the same way they can be extracted from hemp. The essential oils made from marijuana are correctly referred to as cannabis oil. Cannabis oil is only legal in states which allow the cultivation of marijuana. Extracts made from marijuana may contain some CBD, but will also contain enough THC to cause a high. Therefore, cannabis oil is considered to be a controlled substance.
For the purposes of this article, we are only concerned with CBD oil produced from hemp. We are not concerned with THC-containing cannabis oils made from marijuana, nor are we concerned with extracts of industrial hemp which have low levels of cannabinoids and terpenes.
Full Spectrum CBD Oil
Earlier we mentioned another class of compounds called terpenes. Raw PCR hemp extract contains terpenes as well as other cannabinoid compounds similar to CBD. Because it retains the natural balance of cannabinoids and terpenes found in the original plant, we refer to these products as full spectrum oils.
Broad Spectrum CBD Oil
The difference between a full spectrum CBD Oil and a broad spectrum CBD Oil is the absence of THC. Broad spectrum CBD Oil still contains the natural composition of cannabinoids and terpenes without the psychoactive compound THC.
CBD can also be isolated and purified. Pure CBD is known in the industry as CBD isolate. In their pure form, and at room temperature, cannabinoids are solid crystals. Purified cannabinoids are colorless and odorless. CBD isolate can be consumed directly or used as an additive in other preparations such as edibles and beverages; however, it is devoid of the beneficial terpenes and other cannabinoids found naturally in the plant.
Frequently Asked Questions of CBD Beginners
CBD oil, as you can see, is a complicated product, and the current CBD market can be compared to the Wild West. There are no real rules or regulations as to what a CBD oil product can contain and what it can be called. There is a lot of misinformation floating around. And, of course, this causes a great deal of confusion.
One of the main points of confusion comes from the fact that the media often uses the term marijuana to refer to hemp and vice versa. This raises other issues, the most common of which are the legality of CBD oil, whether or not it causes a high, whether or not it can cause you to fail a drug test, and whether or not it has any side effects. Let’s answer each of these questions in brief.
Does CBD Oil Get You High?
No. Properly produced CBD oil from hemp does not contain THC in high enough concentrations to cause a high.
THC acts upon particular receptors in the brain, which changes brain chemistry and therefore alters consciousness. CBD does not trigger these receptors. In fact, it may actually prevent them from reacting to THC and thus minimize its effects.
CBD oils produced by some manufacturers can contain trace amounts of THC. CBD 4U products, however, are produced using a technology that completely removes THC while leaving the other cannabinoids and terpenes intact. There is zero chance of CBD 4U products causing a high.
Is CBD Oil Legal?
There is a lot of confusion on this issue. Hemp extract is considered a food product and is therefore 100% legal, just like peppermint extract or vanilla extract. The confusion is mainly caused by ignorance of the fact that marijuana and hemp are not the same plants. As we said, cannabis oil is not legal outside of states which have specifically legalized marijuana, and it cannot be sold or transported across state lines. This is not the case with hemp-derived CBD oil.
Does CBD Show Up On Drug Tests?
Considering that CBD is derived from cannabis, and that marijuana is a type of cannabis, and marijuana is considered a drug, it’s fair to wonder whether or not CBD will cause a false positive on a drug test.
Drug tests do not test for CBD. CBD properly produced from legal hemp cannot produce a false positive for THC use. CBD oil products sourced from marijuana, as we mentioned, are likely to contain some amount of THC and likely to make you fail a drug test.
If you are required to undergo drug screenings by your employer, you need to be fully aware of the contents of your CBD oil. Don’t use CBD oil made from marijuana. You have no way of knowing that the product is THC-free unless you have a lab at home. In fact, we don’t recommend using any CBD product that does not specify that the product is completely THC-free, meaning all THC has been removed.
What Are the Side Effects of CBD Oil?
While pharmaceutical drugs are often developed to target particular bodily systems and provide particular effects, Mother Nature is not always so exacting. The effects of organic compounds can be many and can vary from person to person. Oftentimes herbal compounds can have both desired effects and unwanted effects. We call these unwanted effects adverse side effects.
In order to determine if an effect is an adverse side effect, you need to know what the desired effects are. The effects which are desired by one user may not be desired by another user.
Let’s look at an example of how CBD might work differently for different people. Some people take CBD oil in order to help them regulate their metabolism and lose weight. Some users claim that this works like a charm, while others claim that CBD actually increases their appetite. If you’re trying to lose weight, an increase in appetite would be considered an unwanted side effect. On the other hand, if you’re trying to gain weight, an increase in appetite is a desired effect.
Will CBD Make Me Drowsy?
CBD has what are called biphasic properties. This just means that CBD oil may have different effects depending on the dosage. Taken in nominal doses, CBD is unlikely to cause drowsiness. However, taken in higher doses, there is the potential that it could cause drowsiness.Alcohol is a perfect example of a drug with biphasic properties. Below a certain blood level, alcohol provides a stimulating effect and can make its user more active and social, while larger amounts of alcohol can have a depressant effect resulting in unconsciousness.